Factors associated with leisure-time physical activity among patients undergoing hemodialysis

Rosa, Clara S. C., Bueno, Denise R., Souza, Giovana D., Gobbo, Luís A., Freitas, Ismael F., Sakkas, Giorgos K. and Monteiro, Henrique L. (2015) Factors associated with leisure-time physical activity among patients undergoing hemodialysis. BMC Nephrology, 16 (1). ISSN 1471-2369

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Abstract

Background End-stage renal disease patients are characterized by low levels of physical activity, especially during leisure time. However, the recognition of variables associated with patterns of physical activity in this population has been little explored. Thus, the objective was to assess factors associated with levels of physical activity during leisure time among patients on haemodialysis. Methods Ninety-eight patients (51.6 ± 15.7 years, 57 M/41 F) from two dialysis centres in São Paulo, Brazil participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants were divided into those who never exercised during leisure-time (inactive) and those who exercised at least once a week (active). The independent factors assessed were: socio-demographic data, comorbidities, personal barriers to exercise and physical activity records from childhood to adulthood (tracking of physical activity). Results Only 27 % of patients were engaged in PA during their leisure time at least once a week. Patients who engaged in regular physical activity during adulthood before the initiation of the hemodialysis treatment (adjusted OR: 7.24 95 % IC: 1.99; 26.50), those who developed the renal disease through diseases other than diabetes or hypertension (adjusted OR: 4.82; 95 % IC: 1.48; 15.68), and those who had no cardiovascular diseases (adjusted OR: 11.33; 95 % IC: 1.23; 103.8) where more likely to be active during their leisure-time. Conclusion Comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus as well as the level of physical activity prior to end-stage renal disease could predict leisure-time physical activity among patients receiving hemodialysis therapy.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Exercise, Physical activity, End-stage renal disease, Chronic kidney diseases, Barriers, Comorbidity
Divisions: ?? UniversityCollegePlymouthMarkJohn ??
Depositing User: Mrs Wendy Evans
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2017 12:12
Last Modified: 22 May 2019 11:50
URI: http://marjon.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/14616

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