The quiet eye supports error recovery in golf putting

Walters-Symons, Rosanna, Wilson, M.R. and Vine, S.J. (2017) The quiet eye supports error recovery in golf putting. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 31. pp. 21-27. ISSN 14690292

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Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to further examine the relationship between the Quiet eye (QE, Vickers, 1996) and performance. We aimed to scrutinise the relationship between QE and shot outcome and replicate the robust relationship between QE and expertise. Based on recent findings (Cooke et al., 2015) showing that motor planning is dependent upon the outcome of a previous attempt, we wanted to examine the influence of prior performance on the functionality of the QE. Design: We performed a 2 (expertise) x 2 (outcome) mixed design study. Participants performed golf putts until they had achieved 5 successful (hits) and 5 unsuccessful (misses) attempts. Methods 18 experienced and 21 novice golfers participated in the study. Putts were taken from ten feet while wearing a mobile eye tracker. Results Experienced golfers had consistently longer QE durations than novices but there was no difference in QE between randomly chosen hits and misses. However, QE durations were significantly longer on hits directly following a miss, but significantly shorter on misses following a miss. Conclusions This is the first study to have examined QE duration as a consequence of prior performance. Our findings highlight the important role of QE in recovering from an error and improving performance. The findings add further support for the response programming function of the QE, as additional ‘programming’ was needed to recover from an error. Findings also highlight the potential for a link between QE and the allocation of attentional resources to the task (effort).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article also available through the link provided. Online publication date specified.
Keywords: Expertise, Gaze, Motivational intensity, Conflict monitoring, Error recovery
Divisions: Sport
Depositing User: Ms Kerry Kellaway
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 11:55
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 10:23
URI: http://marjon.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17338
Related URLs: http://www.scie ... 469029216302990 (Publisher URL)

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