Development of 11- to 16-year-olds’ short-term power output determined using both treadmill running and cycle ergometry

Armstrong, Neil, Welsman, Jo and Bloxham, Saul (2019) Development of 11- to 16-year-olds’ short-term power output determined using both treadmill running and cycle ergometry. European Journal of Applied Physiology. ISSN 1439-6319

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Abstract

Purpose To investigate the development of peak power output (PP) and mean power output (MP) during two different modes of exercise in relation to sex and concurrent changes in age, body mass, fat-free mass (FFM), maturity status and, in the case of MP, peak oxygen uptake ( V˙O2 ). Methods PP and MP were determined cycling against a fixed braking force (Wingate anaerobic test) and running on a non-motorized treadmill. Peak V˙O2 was determined using cycle ergometry and treadmill running. 135 (63 girls) students initially aged 11–14 years were tested over 2 days on three annual occasions. The data were analysed using multiplicative allometric modelling which enables the effects of variables to be partitioned concurrently within an allometric framework. Multiplicative models were founded on 301 (138 from girls) determinations of PP and MP on each ergometer. Results With body mass controlled for, both PP and MP increased with age but maturity status did not independently contribute to any of the multiplicative allometric models. Boys’ PP and MP were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than girls’ values on both ergometers. On both ergometers in both sexes, the most powerful morphological influence on PP and MP was FFM. Ergometer-specific peak V˙O2 had a significant (p < 0.05), additional effect in explaining the development of MP. Conclusions The development of short-term power output is sex specific but within sex multiplicative allometric models of running- and cycling-determined PP and MP were similar, suggesting that either mode of exercise can be used in future studies of short-term power output in youth.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article is also available open access through link provided
Keywords: Mean power, Multilevel modelling, Non-motorized treadmill test, Peak power, Wingate anaerobic test, Youth
Divisions: Sport
Depositing User: Ms Kerry Kellaway
Date Deposited: 01 May 2019 08:30
Last Modified: 01 May 2019 08:30
URI: http://marjon.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17397
Related URLs: http://link.spr ... eFirst_20190429 (Publisher URL)

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