Mood and its association with metabolic health in adolescents: a longitudinal study, EarlyBird 65

Jeffery, Alison N., Hyland, Michael E., Hosking, Joanne and Wilkin, Terence J. (2014) Mood and its association with metabolic health in adolescents: a longitudinal study, EarlyBird 65. Pediatric Diabetes, 15 (8). pp. 599-605. ISSN 1399543X

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Background Mood comprises two main traits – positive and negative affect, both associated with depression and anxiety. Studies in children have linked depression with obesity, but the association with metabolic health is unclear. Objective To explore the relationship between mood and metabolic health in adolescents. Methods We studied 208 healthy children (115 boys) enrolled in the longitudinal EarlyBird Diabetes Study, and reviewed at 7 and 16 yr. Participants completed the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule – Child Form (PANAS‐C) at 16yr to assess positive and negative affect, together representing mood. Measures at 7 and 16 yr: body mass index (BMI), fat (%; dual energy X‐ray absorptiometry), physical activity (accelerometer), metabolic risk z‐score comprising homeostasis model assessment‐insulin resistance (HOMA‐IR), triglycerides, total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio and blood pressure. Pubertal development was determined by age at peak height velocity. Results Positive affect was higher in boys than girls, (50 vs. 46, p = 0.001), negative affect higher in girls than boys (26 vs. 22, p < 0.001). Those with lower mood were fatter (r = −0.24, p < 0.001), had higher HOMA‐IR (r = −0.12, p = 0.05), higher cholesterol:HDL ratio (r = −0.14, p = 0.02), were less active (r = 0.20, p = 0.003) and had earlier pubertal development (r = 0.19, p = 0.004). Inverse associations between mood and metabolic risk z‐score and change in metabolic risk z‐score 7–16yr (β = −0.26, p = 0.006, and −0.40, p = 0.004, respectively) were independent of adiposity, physical activity and puberty and sex. Conclusions Low mood in healthy children is associated with poorer metabolic health independently of adiposity. These findings may have implications for the physical and mental health of contemporary youngsters, given their increasing obesity and cardiometabolic risk.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article available through the publisher link provided
Keywords: child insulin, resistance, longitudinal study, mood, weight perception
Depositing User: Ms Kerry Kellaway
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2019 12:39
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2019 12:39
Related URLs: https://onlinel ... 1111/pedi.12125 (Publisher URL)

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