Assessing the psychosocial factors associated with adherence to exercise referral schemes: A systematic review

Eynon, Michael, Foad, Jessica, Downey, John, Bowmer, Yasmin and Mills, Hayley (2019) Assessing the psychosocial factors associated with adherence to exercise referral schemes: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 29 (5). pp. 638-650. ISSN 0905-7188

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Abstract

This paper aimed to systematically review the evidence base to uncover the key psychosocial factors that underpin adherence to an exercise referral scheme (ERS). Databases PsycINFO, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, Open Grey, and PsycEXTRA were systematically searched. A parallel results‐based convergent synthesis was performed by identifying key themes from quantitative and qualitative studies separately. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, the review included 24 eligible studies. Key findings showed intrinsic motivation, psychological need satisfaction, social support, and self‐efficacy to be the prominent psychosocial factors associated with ERS adherence. In addition, lower expectations for change when entering the scheme was associated with ERS adherence. This review should serve as a catalyst to provide evidence‐based ERS and as such ERS providers should seek to place an emphasis on participants’ expectations and beliefs when entering the scheme. Moreover, targeting the key factors of intrinsic motivation, psychological need satisfaction, social support, and self‐efficacy throughout the duration of an ERS should serve to facilitate adherence.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article also available through the publisher link provided
Keywords: correlates, exercise maintenance, exercise prescription, GP referral, physical activity
Depositing User: Ms Kerry Kellaway
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2019 15:19
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 05:50
URI: http://marjon.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17498
Related URLs: https://onlinel ... .1111/sms.13403 (Publisher URL)

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