The Effects of Midfoot Strike Gait Retraining on Impact Loading and Joint Stiffness

Chan, Zoe Y.S., Zhang, Janet H., Ferber, Reed, Shum, Gary L. and Cheung, Roy T.H. (2020) The Effects of Midfoot Strike Gait Retraining on Impact Loading and Joint Stiffness. Physical Therapy in Sport, 42. pp. 139-145. ISSN 1446-853X

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the biomechanical changes following a systematic gait retraining to modify footstrike patterns from rearfoot strike (RFS) to midfoot strike (MFS). Design: Pre-post interventional study. All participants underwent a gait retraining program designed to modify footstrike pattern to MFS. Setting: Research laboratory. Participants: Twenty habitual RFS male runners participated. Main Outcome Measures: Gait evaluations were conducted before and after the training. Footstrike pattern, loading rate (LR), ankle and knee joint stiffness were compared. Results: Participants’ footstrike angle was reduced (p<0.001, Cohen’s d=1.65) and knee joint stiffness was increased (p=0.003, Cohen’s d=0.69). No significant difference was found in the vertical loading rates (p>0.155). Further sub-group analyses were conducted on the respondents (n=8, 40% of participants) who exhibited MFS for over 80% of their footfalls during the post-training evaluation. Apart from the increased knee joint stiffness (p=0.005, Cohen’s d=1.14), respondents exhibited a significant reduction in the ankle joint stiffness (p=0.019, Cohen’s d=1.17) when running with MFS. Conclusions: Gait retraining to promote MFS was effective in reducing runners’ footstrike angle, but only 40% of participants responded to this training program. The inconsistent training effect on impact loading suggests a need to develop new training protocols in an effort to prevent running injuries.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: landing pattern, footstrike pattern, running, loading rate
Depositing User: Ms Raisa Burton
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2020 15:56
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2020 11:17
URI: http://marjon.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17519
Related URLs: https://www.sci ... herapy-in-sport (Publisher URL)

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