Bilateral asymmetry of running gait in competitive, recreational and novice runners at different speeds

Mo, Shiwei, Lau, Fannie O.Y., Lok, Alan K.Y., Chan, Zoe Y.S., Zhang, Janet H., Shum, Gary L. and Cheung, Roy T.H. (2020) Bilateral asymmetry of running gait in competitive, recreational and novice runners at different speeds. Human Movement Science, 71. ISSN 0167-9457

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Abstract

The mechanisms and underlying causes of bilateral asymmetry among healthy runners of different levels remain unclear. This cross-sectional laboratory study aimed to investigate the effects of running speed and running experience or competitive level on bilateral symmetry during running. Eleven competitive runners, 9 recreational runners and 11 novice runners were recruited in this study. They ran on an instrumented treadmill for 3 minutes at each of 5 fixed speeds (8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 km/h) in a randomized order. Bilateral asymmetry was evaluated and quantified using symmetry index (SI) of temporal and kinetic parameters. Overall, SI ranged between 0.8% for stride time and 21.4% for vertical average loading rate. Significant speed effects were observed on SI of flight time (p = 0.012), which was significantly higher at 8 km/h than that of the other 4 speeds (p = 0.023, 0.005, 0.023 and 0.028, respectively). Group-by-speed interactions were detected on SI in time to peak vertical ground reaction force (p = 0.032) and vertical average loading rate (p = 0.002). The competitive runners presented linear reduction in the SI with increasing speed from 8 to 12 km/h (R2 > 0.94); for the recreational runners, SI changed nonlinearly and presented a roughly U-shaped trend across speeds (R2 > 0.88); and for the novice runners, changes of SI across speed were inconsistent and dependent on parameters of interest (R2 > 0.64). Bilateral asymmetry was affected by both running speed and runners’ running experience or competitive level. The competitive runners were found to run with a more symmetrical manner with a greater running speed, the recreational runners demonstrated the most symmetrical pattern at the critical speed, whereas the novice runners showed inconsistent trends.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Ms Raisa Burton
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 10:01
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2020 13:44
URI: http://marjon.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17535
Related URLs: https://www.jou ... ovement-science (Publisher URL)

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