Sampling and studying lacewings in crops

New, T. R., McEwen, P. K. and Whittington, Andrew E. (2009) Sampling and studying lacewings in crops. In: Lacewings in the Crop Environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 351-356. ISBN 9780511666117

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Neuenschwander (1984) emphasised that much sampling and monitoring of lacewing populations in the past has not been strictly quantitative, but has involved collections to determine presence/absence and gross inferences on the relative abundance of various species on a crop or in an assemblage in an area or defined environment. Nevertheless, for many purposes there is need for field assessments based on quantitative appraisal based on adequate, replicable sampling protocols, and continued monitoring to determine population sizes, changes in species abundance, phenological traits, and responses to change. Neuenschwander's account of such approaches and the techniques employed remains valid and applicable, and forms the basis for the discussion which follows. However, in the intervening years, the need for improved sampling to establish predictive capability has become more widespread in IPM, and the wisdom of monitoring the establishment, influences, and spread of biological control agents consolidated. As in any sampling programme, the scale of operation and the precise questions being asked must determine the sampling regime and the intensity of sampling needed. ‘Sampling effort’ reflects both the duration and intensity of sampling. At the extremes, a single brief collection period may be all that is needed to confirm the presence of a given lacewing species on a crop whilst, at the other, continuous or interval sampling using a variety of techniques over an extended period (of one or more growing seasons or years) may be necessary to reveal population trends, phenology, and the relative abundance of the members of a complex of natural enemies, or the establishment of a newly introduced biological control agent.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Online publication date: May 2010
Keywords: Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, Life Sciences
Divisions: Business and Law
Depositing User: Ms Kerry Kellaway
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2018 14:33
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2020 16:00

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