Leadership in Dental Practice: a Three Stage Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis

Sally, Hanks, Cotton, Debby and Spowart, Lucy (2020) Leadership in Dental Practice: a Three Stage Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis. Journal of Dentistry, 102. ISSN 03005712

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Objectives To review leadership for dentists in patient facing, primary care dental practice. Methods A three stage systematic review with narrative synthesis: A scoping overview - management and leadership policy context. A systematic review of reviews of leadership in healthcare. A systematic focused review of leadership in patient-facing dental practice. Results The healthcare literature mirrors the generic literature in relation to the temporal evolution of leadership theories. Policy papers influence healthcare literature, though these are generally written by independent bodies, link solely to medical publications, and are often commissioned from the grand strategic level thereby grounding them in a politicised system. The healthcare leadership literature offers few studies at the operational (patient care) level of leadership, with none of these focused explicitly on dentistry and dental practice. Numerous aims, definitions, models, conceptualisations, and links to theories of leadership are reported. The stage 1 literature demonstrates more contemporaneous ideas of leadership, while the dental practice literature is too often grounded in outdated concepts and theories. Conclusions The overarching trend is from leaders to leadership; with no unified definition, model, theory, concept nor aim recognised. The fundamental importance of specific context and the reaction of others to leadership is reinforced. Leadership theories aligned to healthcare include Engaging, Authentic, Collective and the Transformational-Transactional continuum. Leadership is a dynamic, socially constructed process, only occurring in a group setting. Consisting of multiple moderating variables that demonstrate reciprocal influence on one another, these influences are neither equal nor stable. (246 words) Clinical significance Leadership is embedded in regulatory guidance and standards relating to general dental practice. It is therefore crucial to have an evidenced based understanding of what leadership means in this context, and what further work is necessary to support clinicians in the leadership domain. (43 words)

Item Type: Article
Keywords: leadership, literature review, narrative review, general dental practice, clinical leadership
Depositing User: Ms Raisa Burton
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2020 12:17
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2021 03:50
URI: https://marjon.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17616
Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 227X?via%3Dihub (Publisher URL)

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